Folclor Literar Romanesc (Romanian Literary Folklore) is a book by Mihai Pop, a renowned Romanian ethnologist and folklorist. The book was published in 1990 by Editura DidacticÄ Èi PedagogicÄ and contains 300 pages of analysis and examples of various genres and forms of Romanian folk literature, such as ritual and ceremonial poetry, aphoristic and enigmatic literature, epic songs, ballads, fairy tales, riddles, proverbs, and more.
Mihai Pop (1907-2000) was born in Glod, a small village in Maramures, a region rich in folklore traditions. He studied linguistics and sociology in Romania and Czechoslovakia, where he was influenced by the Prague School of Linguistics and the structural-functional approach to folklore. He was one of the founders and directors of the Institute of Ethnography and Folklore in Bucharest, where he initiated and supervised numerous fieldwork projects, archival collections, typologies, and interpretations of Romanian folklore. He also taught folklore at the University of Bucharest and won the Herder Prize in 1967 for his contributions to the study of Eastern European cultures.
Folclor Literar Romanesc is a valuable source of information and insight for anyone interested in Romanian culture and literature. It offers a comprehensive overview of the diversity and richness of Romanian folk literature, as well as a rigorous and innovative analysis of its structure, function, meaning, and context. The book is available for download in PDF format from various online sources[^1^] [^3^].
Some of the topics that Mihai Pop discusses in his book are: the cultural interest for folklore and its development in Romania; the relation between oral and written literature; the classification and typology of folk genres; the poetic and musical features of folk texts; the social and historical conditions of folklore production and transmission; the symbolic and ritual aspects of folk literature; the regional and national variations of folk expression; and the comparative and interdisciplinary perspectives on folklore research.
Mihai Pop also provides numerous examples of folk texts, either transcribed from oral sources or taken from published collections. He illustrates the diversity and creativity of Romanian folk literature, as well as its connections with other cultural domains, such as religion, art, politics, and everyday life. He also shows how folk literature reflects and shapes the identity, values, beliefs, and emotions of the Romanian people.
Folclor Literar Romanesc is a book that deserves to be read by anyone who wants to learn more about the richness and complexity of Romanian culture and literature. It is a book that showcases the achievements and contributions of Mihai Pop, one of the most influential and respected scholars of Romanian folklore.
One of the strengths of Mihai Pop's book is that it combines a rigorous and systematic approach to folklore analysis with a sensitive and empathetic understanding of folk expression. Mihai Pop does not treat folk literature as a static and homogeneous object, but as a dynamic and heterogeneous process, shaped by various factors and contexts. He does not impose a rigid and abstract framework on folk texts, but explores their internal logic and coherence, as well as their external relations and influences. He does not reduce folk literature to a simple reflection of reality, but reveals its creative and transformative potential.
Another strength of Mihai Pop's book is that it offers a comprehensive and balanced view of Romanian folk literature, covering both its traditional and modern aspects. Mihai Pop does not ignore or dismiss the changes and challenges that folk literature faced in the 20th century, such as urbanization, industrialization, mass media, political regimes, and globalization. He acknowledges and examines the impact of these factors on folk expression, as well as the responses and adaptations of folk performers and audiences. He also recognizes and appreciates the continuity and vitality of folk literature in contemporary Romania, as well as its relevance and significance for the present and future generations.
A third strength of Mihai Pop's book is that it opens new horizons and perspectives for folklore research, both in Romania and abroad. Mihai Pop does not limit himself to a narrow or isolated view of Romanian folklore, but places it in a wider and comparative context, drawing on the theories and methods of various disciplines, such as linguistics, sociology, anthropology, psychology, history, musicology, semiotics, and literary criticism. He also establishes connections and dialogues with other folklore traditions and scholars from Eastern Europe and beyond. He thus contributes to the advancement and enrichment of folklore studies as a scientific and humanistic field. 061ffe29dd