Marema Ka Dika: A Collection of Northern Sotho Proverbs
Marema Ka Dika is a book by J.R.D. Rakoma that contains a collection of proverbs in Northern Sotho, also known as Sesotho sa Lebowa. The book was first published in 1971 by Van Schaik Publishers and has since been revised and updated several times. The latest edition, the ninth one, was published in 1986 and has 260 pages.
Proverbs are short and wise sayings that express a general truth or advice. They are often used to teach moral lessons, to comment on human nature, or to express common sense. Proverbs are part of the oral tradition and culture of many African languages, including Northern Sotho. Marema Ka Dika aims to preserve and promote this rich heritage by providing a comprehensive and accessible source of Northern Sotho proverbs.
The book is divided into three sections. The first section contains an introduction that explains the origin, structure, function, and classification of proverbs. The second section contains the proverbs themselves, arranged alphabetically according to their first words. Each proverb is given in Northern Sotho, followed by a literal translation, an explanation, and an equivalent proverb in English or Afrikaans. The third section contains an index of keywords that helps the reader to find proverbs on specific topics.
Marema Ka Dika is a valuable resource for students, teachers, researchers, and anyone interested in learning more about the wisdom and beauty of Northern Sotho proverbs. The book can be downloaded as a pdf file from various online sources[^1^] [^2^] [^3^].
Some examples of Northern Sotho proverbs from Marema Ka Dika are:
Mmago ngwana o tshwara thipa ka bogaleng. (The mother of a child holds a knife by its blade.) This means that a mother will do anything to protect her child, even if it hurts her.
Phukubje ga e tshwane le kgaka. (A hyena is not like a guinea fowl.) This means that different things cannot be compared or treated the same way.
Tau tÅa hloka seboka di shitwa ke nare e hlotsa. (Lions that lack a leader are defeated by a limping buffalo.) This means that without unity and guidance, even the strong can be defeated by the weak.
The book also contains some proverbs that are unique to Northern Sotho and have no equivalent in other languages. For example:
Marema ka dika. (Marema with his tricks.) This means that someone is clever and cunning, and can get out of any situation. Marema is a legendary figure in Northern Sotho folklore who is known for his trickery and escapades.
Go ja morogo wa teng ga go na mathata. (To eat the spinach of the place has no problems.) This means that one should adapt to the customs and norms of the place where one lives or visits.
Go nkga o sa bola. (To milk when you are not pregnant.) This means that one is doing something impossible or unreasonable.
Northern Sotho proverbs reflect the values, beliefs, and worldview of the Northern Sotho people. They also reveal their history, culture, and social relations. By studying and understanding these proverbs, one can gain insight into the Northern Sotho language and identity. Marema Ka Dika is a useful tool for this purpose, as it provides a comprehensive and reliable collection of Northern Sotho proverbs.
The book is also a testament to the creativity and wisdom of the Northern Sotho people. It shows how they use language to express their thoughts and feelings in a concise and memorable way. It also shows how they use humor, irony, metaphor, and imagery to convey their messages. Marema Ka Dika is a treasure trove of linguistic and cultural richness that deserves to be read and appreciated by all. 061ffe29dd