Thirumanthiram Meaning In Tamil: A Guide to the Ancient Tamil Poetic Work by Tirumular
Thirumanthiram (à®¤à®¿à®°à¯à®®à®¨à¯à®¤à®¿à®°à®®à¯) is a Tamil poetic work that is considered one of the key texts of Shaiva Siddhanta, a school of Hindu philosophy that focuses on the worship of Lord Shiva. The author of this work is Tirumular (à®¤à®¿à®°à¯à®®à¯à®²à®°à¯), a revered saint and yogi who is believed to have lived either in the 6th century CE or post 10th century CE. The Thirumanthiram consists of 3,047 verses that are divided into nine sections called tantras. Each tantra deals with a different aspect of Shaiva Siddhanta, such as cosmology, ethics, yoga, devotion, mysticism and liberation.
The Thirumanthiram is the first known Tamil work to use the term "Shaiva Siddhanta" and also the first to expound the concept of "anma-shiva-samaya" (the identity of the individual soul and the supreme soul). The Thirumanthiram is also rich in poetic imagery and symbolism, drawing from various sources such as Vedas, Agamas, Puranas, Tamil Sangam literature and Siddha tradition. The Thirumanthiram is regarded as a masterpiece of Tamil literature and a treasure of spiritual wisdom.
There are also several translations of Thirumanthiram in Tamil and other languages that can help the readers to appreciate the beauty and depth of this work. Some of the notable translations are by Dr. B. Natarajan (Tamil), Dr. T.N. Ganapathy (English), Dr. K.R. Arumugam (English), Dr. S.P. Sabharathnam (English), Dr. G.U. Pope (English), Dr. Kamil Zvelebil (English), Dr. R.A. Sastry (Telugu) and Dr. M.R. Kale (Sanskrit).
Thirumanthiram meaning in Tamil is not just a matter of literal translation, but also a matter of understanding the context, culture, philosophy and spirituality that underlie this work. Thirumanthiram is a work that can inspire, enlighten and transform anyone who reads it with an open mind and heart.Shaiva Siddhanta is one of the oldest and most influential schools of Hindu philosophy that worships Shiva as the supreme deity. Shaiva Siddhanta originated in South India and Sri Lanka, where it is still widely practiced today. Shaiva Siddhanta draws its inspiration from the Tamil devotional hymns of the Nayanmars, the Shaiva Agamas or Tantras, and the philosophical works of Meykandar and other sages.
Shaiva Siddhanta teaches that there are three eternal realities: Pati (the Lord or Shiva), Pashu (the individual soul or jiva), and Pasha (the bondage or fetters that keep the soul in samsara). The bondage consists of three impurities: anava (egoism or ignorance), karma (action and its consequences), and maya (illusion or phenomenal reality). The goal of Shaiva Siddhanta is to attain Shiva-jnana (knowledge of Shiva) and Shiva-bhakti (devotion to Shiva), which lead to mukti (liberation) from the cycle of birth and death.
Shaiva Siddhanta prescribes four stages of spiritual practice for attaining liberation: charya (service and good conduct), kriya (ritual worship and ethical observance), yoga (meditation and self-discipline), and jnana (deep learning and realization). These stages correspond to the four levels of initiation: samaya-diksha (initiation into the covenant), vishesha-diksha (initiation into the special rites), nirvana-diksha (initiation into the state of bliss), and ati-nirvana-diksha (initiation into the state beyond bliss). Through these initiations, the devotee receives the grace of Shiva, which removes the impurities and reveals the true nature of the soul as identical with Shiva. 061ffe29dd